1.Which of the following personality characteristics have been found to affect CEOs decision making and strategic choicesa. Big Fiveb. Machiavellian scalec. MBTId. Fiedler s LPC2.There are two common themes among all the individual characteristics that affect how CEOs make strategic choices. These are:a. individualism and collectivism.b. Type A and MBTI.c. challenge seeking and need for control.d. external orientation and degree of self-focus.3.Entrepreneurship openness to change transformational leadership and futuricity are all part of which characteristic of upper echelon leaders?a. external orientationb. individualismc. challenge seekingd. risk-taking4.How open a leader is to change and how willing he/she is to take risks is most important and relevant:a. in small organizations.b. during the formulation of strategy.c. in times of crisis when high-risk decisions often pay off.d. in certain environments.