LO.3 How does the tax benefit rule apply in the following cases?
a. In 2010 the Orange Furniture Store an accrual method taxpayer sold furniture on credit for $1000 to Sammy. The cost of the furniture was $600. In
2011 Orange took a bad debt deduction for the $1000. In 2012 Sammy inherited some money and paid Orange the $1000 he owed. Orange was in the 35%
marginal tax bracket in 2010 the 15% marginal tax bracket in 2011 and the 35% marginal tax bracket in 2012.
b. In 2011 Marvin a cash basis taxpayer took a $2000 itemized deduction for state income taxes paid. This increased his itemized deductions to a total
that was $800 more than the standard deduction. In 2012 Marvin received a $1600 refund when he filed his 2011 state income tax return. Marvin was in the
15% marginal tax bracket in 2011 but was in the 35% marginal tax bracket in 2012.
c. In 2011 Barb a cash basis taxpayer was in an accident and incurred $8000 in medical expenses which she claimed as an itemized deduction for medical
expenses. Because of the 7.5%-of-AGI reduction the expense reduced her taxable income by only $3000. In 2012 Barb successfully sued the person who
caused the physical injury and collected $8000 to reimburse her for the cost of her medical expenses. Barb was in the 15% marginal tax bracket in both
2011 and 2012.