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where

##n_1## is the index of refraction of the first substance that light travels through

##theta_1## is the angle of incidence

##n_2## is the index of refraction of the second substance that light travels through

##theta_2## is the angle of refraction

Then you need to isolate your unknown.

Example:

Light in air (##n_1## = 1.0003) is incident upon a block of crown glass (##n_2## = 1.52) at an angle of ##35.0^o##. What is the angle of refraction?

##n_1## sin ##theta_1## = ##n_2## sin ##theta_2##

(Isolate sin ##theta_2## by dividing both sides by ##n_2##)

##n_1## sin ##theta_1## / ##n_2## = sin ##theta_2##

(1.0003) (sin 35.0) / 1.52 = sin ##theta_2##

0.5737 / 1.52 = sin ##theta_2##

0.3775 = sin ##theta_2##

(To find ##theta_2## you need to find the inverse sine of this value. On your calculator press the 2nd function key then the sine key.)

##22.2^o## = ##theta_2##

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